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Relojes Poljot

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Poljot Russian Полёт, literally meaning flight, is a Brand watches from Russia, produced since 1964 by the First Moscow Watch Factory. It produced many historical watches used in many important space missions including world's first space watch worn by Yuri Gagarin.

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A. Lange & SohneAccutronAdidas
AlemanesAviator PoljotAerowatch
AlfexAviator ChronographAlpina
AlstaAmidaAngelus
AAAArmand BasiAquanautic
ArlaArmand NicoletArmani
Arnold - SonArsaAskania
AtlanticAtoAudemars Piguet
AviatorAvierAzimuth

BallBombardierBarthelay
BasisBaume - MercierBedat
Bedat - Co.BelairBelison
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BertolucciBlancpainBuceo
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BovetBreguetBreil
BreitlingBurgmeisterB.R.M.
BultacoBuchererBvlgari
BulovaBunzBurberry
BurenBurettBulgari

Calame RobertCalvin KleinCandino
CatenaCarreraCartel
CartierCasioCerruti
CertinaChanelChaumet
ChopardChronotechChristian Dior
Chronograph PoljotChronosportChronoswiss
Citizen3133 PoljotClerc
CoachCoinConcord
CondorConsulCornavin
CortebertCorumCresus
CustoCrotonCvstos
CWCCyclosCyma

Dolphin PoljotDaniel JeanRichardDaniel Mink
Daniel RothDavid YurmanDavosa
De GrisogonoDe LaneauDewitt
DechauxDescoDianoor
DieselDietrich GruenDuward
DKNYDolce & GabbanaDoxa
DreffaDucatiDogma

EbelEberhard & Co.Edox
ElginEliniEpos
Emporio ArmaniEnicarEnigma

F.P. JourneFabryFaconnable
FestaFestinaField - Stream
FludoFludo BorelForesta
FormexFortisFossil
Franc VilaFranck MullerFortis Poljot

GalletGucciGarde
GeismarGenevaGeneve
Gerald GentaGevrilGevril GV2
GigandetGiordanoGirard Perregaux
GarminGiuliano MazzuoliGlashutte Original
GlycineGolanaGraham
Glam RockGruenGuess

HaldaHamiltonHanhart
Hugo BossHarwoodHelvetia
Henry CaptHenry MoserHermes
HeuerHublotHugex

IWCItalia 3HImmersion
IngersollInvictaIssey Miyake

Jean Paul GaultierJacques EtoileJacques Lemans
Jaeger LeCoultreJaquet GirardJourney Poljot
Jean MarcelJean RichardJunkers
Jorg HysekJacob JensenJules Jurgensen
JunghansJuveniaJaguar

KastaKelekKenneth Cole
KienzleKronometerKronos

LacoLacosteDe-Lujo
LancasterLancoLandi
Lange & S÷hneLeboisLight Time
LemaniaLeonardLeonidas
LimesLinde WerdelinLip
LocmanLonginesLotus
Louis ErardLouis VuittonLouvic
Lucien PiccardLuminoxLorus

MagellanMareaMichael Kors
Marc JacobsMark EckoMarvin
MascotMomo DesignMoschino
Maurice LacroixMedaMemosail
Michel HerbelinMichel JordiMichele
MidoMilitaresMilus
MimoMinervaMoeris
MonarchMoscowMondia
MontblancMilitaresMovado

NixonNigaNike
NilaxNitellaNivada
NivrelNauticaNomos

Officina Del TempoOfficine PaneraiOkeah Poljot
Ollech WajsOrientOmega
OmniOmniaOpera
OratorOrbitaOrion
OrisOrloffOdm

PaneraiPumaPaco Rabanne
ParsinePatek PhilippePaul Garnier
Paul PicotPequignetPerfecta
PerreletDe PilotoPolar
Paul VersanPhilippe CharriolPiaget
PirelliPierre BalmainPierre Cardin
Pierre DeRocheQuiksilverPierre Kunz
PolicePorsche DesignPulsar

RadoRacerRanox
Raymond WeilRecordRadiant
Roberto CavalliRevueRevue Thommen
Richard MilleRitmoRoamer
RodanaRussische UhrRoger Dubuis
RolexRotaryRoberto Verino

Strela PoljotSagaraSandoz
SarcarSavoyScatola del Tempo
SchauerSchwarz EtienneSector
SeikoSelzaSheffield
SicuraSinnSuizos
SkagenSlavaSolvil
SekondaSornaSothis
Spazio24St. MoritzSovieticos
StuhrlingSuisseSultana
SvalanSvend AndersenSwatch
Sturmanskie PilotsSwiss ArmyStorm

Tonino LamborginiTaernanTAG Heuer
TB ButiTechnomarineTechnos
TemptionTiffanyTendence
TillexTW SteelTimor
TissotTitanTitus
Tokyo FlashToledoTommy Hilfiger
TressaTriumphTime Force
TousTudorTutima

U-BoatUlysse NardinUnic
UrwerkUnion GlashutteUmbro
Uhren PoljotUziUniversal Geneve

Vacheron ConstantinVIP TimeVan Cleef & Arpels
Van Der BauwedeVenturaVersace
ViceroyVictorinoxVigoria Miletto
VizioVostok AmphibiaVulcain

WalnaWaltham2612 Poljot
WatraWengerWostok Amphibia
WindsorWittnauerYuri Gagarin

ZenithZenoZodiac

Founded in 1930 under orders from Stalin, the First State Watch Factory (Russian: Первый Государственный Часовой Завод - 1ГЧЗ) was the first Serious Soviet watch and mechanical movement manufacturer. Via its USA-based trading company Amtorg, the Soviet government bought the defunct Ansonia Clock Company of Brooklyn, New York in 1929, and the Dueber-Hampden Watch Company of Canton, Ohio. It moved twenty-eight freight cars full of machinery and parts from the USA to Moscow in order to establish the factory. Twenty-one former Dueber-Hampden watchmakers, engravers and various other technicians helped to train the Russian workers in the art of watchmaking as part of the Soviet's First Five-Year Plan. Interestingly, the movements of very-early products were still stamped "Dueber-Hampden, Canton, Ohio, USA" (examples of these watches are very collectible today). In 1935 the factory was named after the murdered Soviet official Sergei Kirov. As the Germans closed in on Moscow in 1941, the factory was hurriedly evacuated to Zlatoust (Russian: Златоу́ст). By 1943 the Germans were in retreat, and the factory moved back to Moscow, adopting the "First Moscow Watch Factory" name (Russian: Первый Московский Часовой Завод - 1МЧЗ). In 1947 the first wrist watches under the brand name "Pobeda" and the first Marine Chronometers and Deck watches are produced. By 1951 the production of wrist watches increases to 1.1 million. In 1975 new machinery and equipment for manufacturing complex watches are imported from Switzerland. The first chronograph "Okean" (caliber 3133) is produced for the space station "Sojuz-23." In 1990 production of watches and clocks reaches 5 million pieces and in 1991 the international award "Golden Trophy for Quality" is awarded in Madrid. In 1992-1994 the new brand "Poljot-V GmbH" or "Poljot-International" is set up with headquarters in Kahl, Germany in order to market and distribute "Poljot" watches to the West. "Poljot International" is a separate company from the original Moscow brand with its watches completely produced in Germany.

On April 12th 1961 Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. During his historic flight he wore a Sturmanskie pilots wristwatch (a transliteration of Штурманские which actually means "Navigator"). This watch was not specially commissioned for the flight, they were standard issue to all air force pilots at the time. The success of the mission however lead to the factory being awarded the Poljot (Russian: Полет) name in 1964. In 1965 cosmonaut Alexei Leonov wore a FMWF Strela (transliteration of СТРЕЛА, which actually means "Arrow") chronograph during his historic first space walk, thus cementing Poljot's place in space history. As with Gagarin's first flight, Leonov's watch was not specially commissioned. The Strela replaced the Shturmanskie as the standard issue pilots watch. In the late 1970s, the Strela itself was replaced by a new breed of chronographs based around the (then new) 3133 movement (a Russian variation of the Swiss Valjoux 7734). Poljot 3133-based watches continued where their predecessors left off and were taken into space by cosmonauts from Russia, France, Germany and Ukraine. On the hand of cosmonaut V.V. Polyakov, a Poljot 3133-based watch set a space record for the longest space flight in history.

During the Soviet era, Soviet watch brands including Poljot, but also Raketa watches, were marketed in the United Kingdom under the brand "Sekonda". Today's Sekonda company, a British distributor of ubiquitous fashion watches, has no connection to any Russian watches.

At the turn of the 21st century, the First Moscow Watch Factory began reproducing many of their most famous models as limited edition commemorative pieces. Replicas were made of the famous 1960s Shturmanskie worn by Yuri Gagarin, the 1940s Kirova pilots chronograph, and the 1970s Ocean (Океан) chronograph. All of the replicas became sought-after collectibles. In late 2003, rumors predicting the demise of the Poljot brand circulated on the Internet. According to the rumors, the First Moscow Watch Factory was to cease producing their own models and become a source of inexpensive movements for other European watch brands. These rumors never came to fruition. Instead, in the late 2000's, the company was bought by the businessman Serge´ Pugachev, becoming one of the companies of his new luxury group, including: HÚdiard, and the channel Luxe TV

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